What Are Uterine Polyps? A Quick Guide!

miracle fertility
May 10, 2023

Uterine polyps are common growths that develop in the female reproductive system. Understanding the nature of uterine polyps and seeking appropriate medical care is essential for diagnosis and management.

What are Uterine Polyps?

What are the Uterine Polyps

Uterine polyps are growths that develop in the lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium. These polyps are usually noncancerous (benign) and range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. These polyps are formed when the cells of the endometrium multiply abnormally and cluster together, resulting in the formation of protruding growth within the uterine cavity.

Causes of Uterine Polyps:

The exact cause of uterine polyps is not fully understood. However, hormonal fluctuations, especially estrogen levels, are believed to play a significant role in their development. Other factors such as age, obesity, and certain medications may also increase the risk of developing uterine polyps.

Symptoms of Uterine Polyps:

Some women with uterine polyps may not experience any symptoms, while others may experience:

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods
  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Pelvic pain or discomfort
  • Infertility or difficulty conceiving

A Guide on Uterine Polyps – Things You Should Know About

Uterine polyps can occur in women of any age, but they are more common in women who have reached menopause. This is due to hormonal changes that occur during this phase of life. Regular gynecological check-ups and discussions with a healthcare provider can help monitor and address any potential concerns related to uterine polyps, particularly in women who have reached menopause.

Not all women who have reached menopause will develop uterine polyps. The exact cause of why some women are more prone to polyp formation is still not fully understood. Factors such as age, obesity, hypertension, and certain hormone therapies may also contribute to the development of uterine polyps in menopausal women.

The exact cause of uterine polyps is unknown, but hormonal imbalances, particularly an excess of estrogen, are believed to play a role in their development. After menopause, there is a decrease in the production of estrogen, but the hormone progesterone remains relatively constant or may even increase. This hormonal imbalance, specifically an excess of estrogen relative to progesterone, can promote the growth of uterine polyps.

The symptoms of uterine polyps can vary but may include irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, prolonged periods, pelvic pain, or infertility. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and guidance. Prompt medical attention can help address any potential concerns and determine the most suitable course of action for your specific situation.

If uterine polyps are suspected, a healthcare provider may recommend further evaluation, such as a pelvic ultrasound or hysteroscopy, to visualize and diagnose the polyps. Treatment options for uterine polyps depend on various factors, including size and symptoms. Small polyps that are asymptomatic may not require treatment. But if symptoms are present or if polyps interfere with fertility or cause other complications, the growths can be removed through hysteroscopy, a minimally invasive procedure. While typically noncancerous, they can cause various symptoms and complications.


Uterine polyps can be a cause for concern, although they are generally noncancerous. While many polyps are asymptomatic and require no treatment, they can cause irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, pelvic pain, or fertility issues. It is important to consult with healthcare providers if you experience any unusual or persistent symptoms related to your menstrual cycle or reproductive health. They can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options tailored to your specific needs.