Treatment of Ovarian Cysts: Role of Laparoscopic Surgery

miracle fertility
May 21, 2024

Ovarian cysts are quite common across the world, affecting a significant part of the global female population. In India alone, one in every 4 or 5 women suffer from various kinds of ovarian cysts, or fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries. These often cause discomfort and potential complications. Laparoscopic surgery has become a widely used, effective approach for the treatment of ovarian cysts. Just what is the role of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of ovarian cysts?

Read on and find out.

Use of Laparoscopic Surgery for Ovarian Cysts: What are the Benefits?

Laparoscopic surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery. It has revolutionized the treatment of ovarian cysts. This surgical technique involves making small incisions in the abdomen. Through this method, a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera) and specialized surgical instruments are inserted. Then, a surgeon uses these tools to remove or treat the cysts.

Laparoscopic surgery offers several benefits compared to traditional open surgery:

A less invasive approach

Laparoscopic surgery reduces the risk of infection, bleeding, and other complications associated with open surgery. It results in:

  • Smaller incisions,
  • Reduced scarring, and
  • Less postoperative pain

The recovery time is typically shorter. It allows patients to return to their normal activities sooner.

Improved cosmetic outcome

This is another significant benefit. The small incisions made during laparoscopic surgery are usually less noticeable, as compared to the larger incision required in open surgery. This is especially important for women who are concerned about their physical appearance after surgery. It helps patients feel confident as they look much better.

Preserves health

Different types of laparoscopic procedures are used for treating ovarian cysts. Laparoscopic cystectomy involves removing the cyst while preserving the healthy ovarian tissue. This is an ideal option for women who wish to retain their fertility. The process aims at removing only the cyst, leaving the ovary intact. It can help preserve ovarian function and increase the chances of future pregnancy.

Laparoscopic oophorectomy may be performed in all those cases where the cyst is large or complex. It involves removing the entire ovary. The procedure is typically recommended for postmenopausal women or cases where the cyst is suspected to be cancerous. While losing an ovary may impact fertility, sometimes, it is necessary to ensure the removal of any potentially cancerous or harmful cells.

Lower risk of complications

Laparoscopic surgery is generally safe and effective for ovarian cysts. Occasionally, some complications may occur, such as:

  • Infection,
  • Bleeding, or
  • Injury to surrounding structures

However, the risk of complications is generally low. It is important for patients to be aware of these potential risks. They need to discuss the procedure, potential risks, and expected outcomes with their healthcare provider.

Laparoscopic surgery has undoubtedly played a crucial role in enhancing the treatment of ovarian cysts, providing patients with effective and minimally invasive options for their care. It is important to choose a skilled surgeon who is experienced in performing laparoscopic procedures, to ensure the best possible outcome.