8 Facts On Autoimmune Disease In Pregnancy

miracle fertility
March 9, 2024

Autoimmune diseases are a group of disorders in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues. These conditions affect millions of people worldwide, including pregnant women. Read on to know 8 important facts about autoimmune disease in pregnancy.

  1. Autoimmune disorders are frequent in pregnant women:

It is not uncommon for women with autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or multiple sclerosis to become pregnant. Such women require specialized care and monitoring throughout their pregnancy journey. It helps to ensure the best possible outcomes for the women and their babies.

  1. Pregnancy can be the trigger factor for an autoimmune disorder:

Pregnancy itself can act as a trigger for the onset of an autoimmune disorder. The hormonal and immunological changes that occur during pregnancy can sometimes lead to the development of these conditions. Therefore, it is crucial for pregnant women to be aware of the potential risks and symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases.

  1. A pre-existing autoimmune condition may disrupt pregnancy:

Women with pre-existing autoimmune conditions face unique challenges during pregnancy. These disorders can increase the risk of complications, such as:

  • Preterm labor,
  • Preeclampsia,
  • Fetal growth restriction, and
  • Miscarriage.

Healthcare professionals can mitigate these risks with close monitoring and management.

  1. Maternal antibodies can impact the growth of the fetus:

In some cases, maternal antibodies associated with autoimmune diseases can cross the placenta. These can affect the developing fetus. This can lead to conditions like neonatal lupus or fetal heart block. Regular prenatal check-ups and specialized fetal monitoring can help identify and manage these potential complications.

  1. Certain autoimmune disorders may minimize the risks of significant obstetric complications:

While autoimmune diseases can pose risks during pregnancy, some women experience a temporary improvement in their symptoms. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis may exhibit remission or decreased severity during pregnancy. This can reduce the likelihood of obstetric complications.

  1. Autoimmune diseases may go through remission but resurface shortly after childbirth:

For some women, pregnancy can induce remission in specific autoimmune diseases. Conditions like multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease may experience a temporary improvement during pregnancy.

However, it is important to note that these diseases can resurface shortly after childbirth. There is need for ongoing management.

  1. Autoimmune pregnant women may receive reduced dosages of medications or switch to safer alternatives:

The management of autoimmune diseases during pregnancy requires careful consideration of medication choices. Some medications used to treat these conditions may pose risks to the developing fetus. In such cases, healthcare providers may adjust dosages. Or they can ask patients to switch to alternative medications that are safer during pregnancy.

  1. Pregnancy outcomes vary significantly among women with autoimmune diseases:

The outcomes of pregnancy for women with autoimmune diseases can vary widely. Some women may have successful pregnancies without major complications. However, others may face challenges such as preterm birth or the need for specialized interventions.

Regular prenatal care and a collaborative approach between the patient, obstetrician, and rheumatologist are essential. These can help women to achieve the best possible outcomes.